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A Popular Treatise on the Broad, Broad Ocean. Its Laws; Its Phenomena; Its Products and Its Inhabitants; Graphically Describing Its Currents, Tides, Waves; Its Whirlpools, Water-Spouts, Typhoons and Trade Winds; Its Coral Reefs, Pearls, Shells, Sponges, Fisheries; Its Animal Life, Minute and Mammoth, From the Butterflies of Submarine Forests and Meadows, To Sharks, Whales and Sea Dragons; With Chapters on Steamships, Light-Houses, Life-Saving Service &c, &c. Published in 1886 by Union Publishing House, New York.
8.5 x 6 decorated cloth hardcover. Attractive exterior as shown in photo. Front inner hinge cracked at title page, binding good otherwise.Text is clean and complete, pages lightly toned. No torn, loose or missing pages. A nice example of this antique Victorian maritime title. It's said that if you hold a seashell to your ear, you can hear the sound of the sea. So it is with this beautiful Victorian book: open it, and before you will unfold all the wonder of Earths oceans, from the strange creatures who dwell beneath to the bold and intrepid men who venture upon the waves to find their fates and fortunes. THE WATER WORLD is one of the 19th centurys most ambitious books about the sea. Beautifully bound and lavishly illustrated, it seeks to impart an authentic maritime experience to even the most landlocked of readers. We write about the ocean because it is a subject of universal interest, and for the reason that a knowledge of its laws, phenomena, and inhabitants is conducive to right-living and enjoyment.
It has been our aim to write for the people and by avoiding technical terms clothe the subject in such language as shall make it interesting and easily comprehended by all. We have endeavored to ll these pages, not with dry and uninteresting facts compiled from the cyclopaedia, but with living, breathing thoughts, which, if rightly entertained, will lessen some of the weariness of daily life, give a greater impulse to right living, and cause us to revere and adore a Creator who has multiplied, everywhere in nature, countless objects for our present and future well-being. Of our fty millions of people, many will live and die without ever having heard the voice of the sea.All want to see it; all are interested in its majestic power and the life with which it teems. To those who are denied the privilege of witnessing it for themselves, as well as to the dwellers on its border, do we send this pen picture. For your interest, I have prepared a summary of the books contents below, followed by an accounting of the many beautiful illustrations throughout the book.
You can even see some of these beautiful antique images further down the page. I invite you to take a look.
CHAPTER ONE THE OCEAN ITS LAWS AND ELEMENTS: Vastness and sublimity of creation The sea a laboratory The many wonderful objects it contains The ocean essential to the existence of man and vegetation If the existing waters were increased only one-fourth There is perhaps nothing more beautiful What is water? The saltness of the ocean Why was the sea made salt? Currents The Gulf Stream Its inuence on climate Utilizing currents to carry messages Brig towed by the undercurrent Recent invention Gulf Stream the great weather breeder of the North Atlantic Its inuence on commerce Tides Wind waves The crossing of waves Va. Riety of color Milky sea Luminosity of the sea Divisions of the ocean Atlantic, Pacic, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic Extreme breadth of Atlantic Its relation to civilized countries Mediterranean Sea The central ocean of the ancients Pacic discovered by Balboa Indian Ocean. CHAPTER TWO THE FROZEN OCEAN: Instances of extreme cold in the Arctic regions Human endurance of cold McClure and Parry Dr.Kane Esquimaux Arctic voyagers Ice dwellings Attempts to discover a shorter passage to India across the Northern sens Sir John Franklin His sad end Relics of the expedition discovered Discovery of the Northwest passage Release from a perilous position The Arctic and Antarctic circles The reason of the cold in the polar regions Dangers from oating ice Fearful incident in the frozen seas Frozen to death Expedition of Capt. Francis Hall His search for Franklin His appeal to Congress The "Polaris" sailed Award of Paris Geographical Society The Jeannette Expedition Return of the survivors Polar Stations The Greely Expedition Retreat to Cape Sabine Starvation The Relief Squadron Home again. CHAPTER FOUR LIFE IN THE OCEAN: Sublime ideas of the innite Mystery of life Two great powers Death is the foster mother of life Life maintains 1ife Exuberance of life The ocean in its profoundest depths Sea inuences Seashore deposits Source of greath wealth Unity and diversity. CHAPTER FIVE MINUTE ANIMAL LIFE: Vastness of organic life in the ocean Food to the larger marine anima1s Abundance in the Northern seas Sea nett1es They color the waters Microscopic determinations A naturalists calculation of the number of a. Nimalcu1ae Animals in a drop of water Illustrates the immensity of creation Seaweeds Animated worlds Minute creation governed by the same laws as larger Jelly-sh Abound in the South Atlantic Curious shapes Sea-worms Sea-mouse Its beautiful color Curious arms of marine worms Nereids Beautifully colored White rag worms Sea-leech Leaping-worms Jumping Johnnies Butteries of the deep. CHAPTER SIX CORAL THE ROCK BUILDERS: Beauty of color Its curious form in the ooean Fornerly supposed to be marine plants Discovered to be the work of minute animals Coral wonders described How their habitations are made Coral examined under the microscope Continents built by the polyps Wonderful instinct of the coral workers by building walls on the windward side Qualities and varieties of coral described Manufacture of false coral Superstitions respecting the changing of color Perils of the coral reefs An incident of shipwreck. CHAPTER SEVEN PEARLS: Rare and valuable objects of creation Perilous employment of the divers Condemned criminals formerly employed Characteristics of the pearl divers Shark charmers Pearl shing in the Gulf of Manaar Of the Bahrem Islands Cingalese divers Separation of the pearl from the oyster Extent of the pearl shery in Ceylon System pursued at the Pearl Islands Oriental pearls Their preparation for market How pearls are formed in the oyster Amusing account given by Pliny Dohertys Description Suppositions respecting pearls Curious methods pursued by the Chinese The pearl oyster not the only mollusk which produces pearls Pearls found on the British coasts Incidents Extravagant fancy of the ancients Names applied to various kinds Largest pearls on record Runjeet Sing and his string of pearls. CHAPTER EIGHT SPONGES: Ancient use of the sponge for helmets, etc. One of the most valuable spoils taken from the ocean Long undecided whether sponges belonged to the animal or vegetable kingdom Ranked as zoophytes or animal plants Aristotles denition of the sponge Finest qualities come from the Ottoman archipe1ago Sponge shery at the island of Calymnos Numbers of persons engaged in the sponge shery Depth at which sponges are found Methods pursued in diving Average quantity taken Preparation for market The sponge in its natural state Growth and increase of the sponge Article of commerce Digestion and respiration Preservation of the sponge sheries. CHAPTER NINE SEALS: Arctic summer the proper season for seal shing Divisions of labor by the Esquimaux Seals esh their chief food Ancient superstitions Use of blubber Methods of capturing the seals Seal shing the great employment of the Greenlanders Dangers attending Dierent species of seals The sea-calf Pecu1iar characteristics Enemies of seals The bearded or great seal The hoop-seal The fur seal Description, habits, and use Seals fond of music Tame seals Incidents The marbled seal Contrast between seals of northern and southern seas Sea elephant Sea lions The sea 1eopard The otories. CHAPTER TEN WHALES THE MONARCHS OF THE OCEAN: Peculiarities in whales Distinct from shes and land animals, though resembling both Description Strength and utility of its tail Size of the head Smallness of the throat Food of the whale Whalebone Tongue of the whale The skin The blubber Quantity of oil taken from a whale-Ears, eyes, and ns of the whale Age when they attain their growth Anecdotes relative to the capture Dohertys description Different species The northern rorqual The smaller rorqual The sperm whales The white whales The deductor Great capture of whales Fight between a whale and a grampus Other enemies of the whale Anecdotes Attachment of whales to their young. CHAPTER TWELVE SHARKS THE PIRATES OF THE OCEAN: Fossil sharks Enormous teeth The white shark Its extreme voracity Great tenacity of life Its preference for human esh Horrible tragedy Habit of bounding out of the sea Punishing a shark Manner of catching sharks in the South Sea Islands Captain Basil Hall's account of the capture of a shark Worship of sharks by the inhabitants Rapacity of the shark Hooks for shark shing Fearful incident to the crew of the Magpie The hammer headed shark The smooth shark Dog sh Angel sh Greenland shark Basking shark Taken for the sea serpent Pilot sh Companion to the shark Pilot sh described. CHAPTER THIRTEEN SEA HORSES AND NARWHALS: The morse walrus or sea-horse Description Immense slaughter of them For what purposes- Ferocity when attacked Affection for its young Battles between the walrus and the Polar bear The sword sh a erce enemy Sea unicorn Described Color Their habits Mode of catching them Herd in ocks Playfulness Its speed. CHAPTER FOURTEEN NAUTILI THE FLOATING NAVIGATORS OF THE OCEAN: The nautilus the ocean mab and "fairy of the sea" The sh described by Prof. Owen Real method of its propulsion The paper nautilus Its supposed sails Glaucus a real rover on the ocean A wonderful builder Intelligence displayed Pearly nautilus Gem of the deep The argonaut Sea bladder or Portuguese man-of-war Beauty of its colors Appear like prismatic shells Their stinging properties Specimens of fossil nautili in the British museum Ammonite Most beautiful of all fossils Petried snakes The cuttle sh One of the feasts of shermen Their ink bags Prodigious size of some species Mode of shing with the cuttle sh described by Columbus Belongs to a period before the ood. CHAPTER FIFTEEN MODES OF FISHING IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES: Use of nets dates from the earliest times Great improvements of late in the manufacture of nets Variety of nets used by shermen Description of them Fishing by electric light Birds trained to catch sh Their wonderful sagacity South Sea Islanders expert shermen Singular mode of taking the needle sh Fishing by the light Indians method of taking the candle sh The white porpoise Fishing for the sea pike The tunny shery Sturgeon shery Conger-eel shery Great conger-eel described Sand-eel shery Mackeral shery Nets employed Herring shery Modes of shing Curing herring Dog sh Hake Pilcherd Sprats and white bait, and how taken The Sardine Cod shery on the banks of Newfoundland The modern cod sinock The haddock The coal sh Common hake The turbot The turtle Modes of taking them Crabs Mode of taking them Hermit crab King crab Prawns and shrimps Mussels Mussel farms Oyster farming Age at which the oyster is ready for the table Its best qualities The enemies of the oyster Lobsters. CHAPTER SEVENTEEN SHELLS: Wonderful shaping and moulding of shells The structure of shells adapted to the requirements of the inhabitant Apparatus of two shelled animals Power over the valves Conchology Shells formerly regarded as toys She1ls of southern Europe Greater portion of shell animals carnivorous Shells of tropical America Western coasts of Africa The harp shell The cockle The cwry Beautiful and rare shells found on the coasts of Australia Deep sea shells Lowest part of the earth consist of shell remains Shells used for making roads Helix or snail genus The clam or bear's paw Varieties of shells Formation of Pam shells Sea shells perform an important part in the economy of nature Use of shells multifarious Trumpet shell Shell sh as an article of food Giant clams Porcelain shells Roaring buckie harp shells Fountain shells Razor shells Trough shells.
CHAPTER EIGHTEEN BIRDS: Number and variety of marine birds Roosting p1aces The gull family General description Some gulls expert in breaking the shells of mollusks Tricks played by seamen on gulls The skuas The petrels Among the most interesting of marine birds The storm petrel Sea swallows The albatros A great sh eater The divers Expert shers The guillernots The great ausk Pufin or sea parrot The penguins Darwins description of the jackass penguin The cormorant Trained to sh by some nations The pelican Peculiar pouch for storing sh The ganet Assemble at breeding times in myriads on the bass rocks The hooper or wild swan The great sea eagles The osprey and its shing habits The tropic sea birds The frigate bird Its tyrannical treatment of the booby. CHAPTER TWENTY MARINE PRODIGIES: The Krasken a wonderful sea monster Able to pull men-of-war to the bottom of the ocean The sea serpent marvelous stories related by our sailors Account forwarded to the admiralty Fishes of the ribbon family may give rise to what are called sea serpents Mermaids and women Icelandic description of a mermaid P.Barnum's famous exhibition The manatee The dugong The ste1lerus A mermaid shown in London in 1822. CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE MONSTERS OF THE DEEP SEA DRAGONS: Gigantic reptiles inhabiting the ocean before the deluge Huge sea lizards Limestone rocks at Lyme Regis Dragons in story books Description of the sea lizard Head like a crocodile Numerous immense teeth Enormous eyes Body like that of a fish The plesiosaurus Peculiarities of this huge monster Head like a lizard Teeth of a crocodile Neck of enormous length Body rounded. Like that of a marine turtle Its habits described The teleosaurus The great pirate of the ocean Armed to the teeth Its enormous jaws Able to swallow animals as large as an ox The moesusaurus Thought to be a crocodile. CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO SUBMARINE SCENERY ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE: The earth has its counterpart in the ocean Glory of submarine scenery In the tropics China seas Deepest colors of shes and marine vegetation in the tropical seas The Indian Ocean Splendid colors of tropical shes Flowers of the ocean Abundance and beauty of marine fauna Wonders of coral scenery Coput medusae, or basket sh Anemones the loveliest ornaments of sea-gardens Sea anemones a hungry class Clearness of the waters of the red sea Sea slug and sea cucumber Waters of the North Sea remarkable for its transparency Submarine forests and meadows A sea covered with weeds Enormous expanse of the Atlantic Ocean covered with vegetation Seaweeds brought from a great depth The true seaweed Beauty of smaller varieties Marine plants vie with land-owers Seaweeds as food Numerous applications of seaweeds. CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE THE BED OF THE OCEAN DEEP SEA SOUNDINGS: Beauty of the tropical ocean Average depth of the sea Long a difficult question First determined by the U.
Navy Mode of taking soundings Brooks sounding apparatus The telegraph plateau No currents below 3,000 feet No decomposition at extreme depths The sea a great nursery Animal life at extreme depths Preservation of marine life Conclusions of Professors Bailey and Ehrenburg Deep sea dredging expeditions Food of deep water anima1s Limestone formations. CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR PHENOMENA OF THE OCEAN: Optical illusions in Arctic seas The 1nirage Vivid description by Dr. Hayes Aurora Borealis, or Northern Daybreak Origin supposed to be electrical Other luminous meteors Halos and mock suns The ice blink Tide rip and Sea drift Evaporation and precipitation Formation of water-spouts Perilous escape from a water-spout Tornadoes and typhoons The trade winds Explanation of atmospheric currents Their functions The monsoon Its benecial eects Hurricanes and cyclones Description of the Bore and Egre Sub-marine earthquakes and volcanoes Islands rising from the sea Cause Red fog, or shower-dust. CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE OCEAN STEAMSHIPS: Universal interest respecting the ocean palaces Fultons Clermont Her size and rate of speed Her rst trip from New York to Albany Terric appearance Contrasted with modern steamships The Anchor Line of Steamships The City of Rome The largest passenger steamer aoat Her remarkable dimensions Minute description of her interior. CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX THE SIGNAL SERVICE: Various modes of signaling Field telegraph trains Instruction of officers and men for the service Branches taught N umber of stations with equipments Inauguration of the Weather Bureau Co-operation of Agricultural and other societies Rapid expansion of the work Improvement of instruments Superior to European systems Mode of preparing the daily weather-map Predicting rise and fall of great rivers Great benet to interstate commerce Storm signals described Universal benet of the Signal Service International code of ag-signals Incidents illustrating the service.
CHAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN THE LIFE-SAVING SERVICE: Development of the system Number of stations Appliances Patrol men on duty Wreck of the J. Hortzell The Life Boat Coming A terrible journey Relief at hand The short-cut The frightful spectacle The perilous descent Preparations for the rescue The breeches-buoy Life car attached The crew saved Wreck of the schooner A. Goodman To the rescue Sublime heroism displayed. CHAPTER TWENTY-EIGHT LIGHTHOUSES AND BEACONS: The Pharos The oldest lighthouse One of the seven wonders of the world Colossal statue of Apollo at Rhodes Lighthouse on the Eddystone rocks Originally built by Winstanlev His sad fate The Bell-Rock The Skerryvore on coast of Scotland Minots Ledge lighthouse Modes of signaling in fogs Coal or wood res formerly used Later adaptations The electric light Life in a lighthouse Appointments to position of keeper How obtained The sea veteran.
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